FRANCIS ROBINSON is Professor of the History of South Asia at Royal Holloway, University of London; Sultan of Oman Fellow, Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies; and Visiting Professor of the History of the Islamic World, Oxford, as well as a Fellow of Brasenose College. His most recent books are: Islam, South Asia and the West and The Mughals and the Islamic Dynasties of India, Iran and Central Asia, 1206-1925.